The author interprets Czesław Miłosz’s poetry, following the Italian traces left in it. These are both echoes of travels to Italy and traces derived from reading Italian writers, fascination with painting, architecture and the landscape shaped by man. All these traces introduce the most important motifs of the poetry of the author of “Gucio Enchanted,” as well as the essential elements of the literary tradition for this poetry. They are also an image of the evolution of Miłosz’s poetics. The essay is written in the poetics of the fragment. Rather than drawing unambiguous conclusions, its author shares his interpretative intuitions. He carries out a careful inquiry into the secrets contained in Miłosz’s poems rather than presenting definitive answers. In a way, it “invites” you to study the poems of the author of “Three Winters.” These Italian “traces” lead, however, to the conclusion about the coherence of Miłosz’s poetic work.